Labour Force Survey


The Statistics Department produces report on Labour Force Survey.  Labour Force Survey are carried out on an occasional basis.    In 1990, 1993/94 and 2003.   Labour Force Survey 2003 is the recent survey and it covers those age 15 and over in the whole Kingdom. It covers usually resident population including any that were absent from the household.  Information includes age, sex, activity, current and usual employment status, hours worked and wages.


Comparison of key labour market indicators over time
  20031993/941990
Labour force participation rate
(age 15 and over) 
%   Both sexes 63.6 59.5 55.4
Males 74.6 74.2 75.6
Females 52.7 45.4 36.1
Employment to population ratio
(age 15 and over) 
%   Both sexes 60.3 58.8 53.1
Males 72 73.6 73.9
Females 48.8 44.4 33.3
Employment by sector                 % distribution
1990 and 1993/94 - age 10 and over
2003 - age 15 and over 
    Both sexes 100 100 100
Agricultures 31.8 39.4 38.1
Industry 30.6 25.7 20.6
Services 37.6 34.9 41.3
% distribution         Males 100 100 100
Agricultures 50.7 60.1 51.5
Industry 13.4 7.1 11
Services 35.9 32.8 37.5
% distribution        Females 100 100 100
Agricultures 4.6 5.9 9.1
Industry 55.5 55.8 41.4
Services 40 38.3 49.5
  2003  1993/94 1990
Unemployment rate(age 15 and over)          %   Both sexes 5.2 0.8 2.3
Males 3.6 0.6 1.7
Females 7.4 1 2.8
(a) Youth unemployment rate(age 15-24)    %   Both sexes 11.9 3.2 8.3
Males 9.9 1.3 5.4
Females 15.1 6.6 13.8
(b) Ratio of youth unemployment rate to adult
     unemployment rate (age 15-24/25+)
  Both sexes 3.3 4.2 3.4
Males 4.8 2.2 4.8
Females 2.8 6.6 2.7
(c) Youth unemployment as aproportion of
      total unemployment (age 15-24 / 15+)
%   Both sexes 43 55.9 57.3
Males 54 41.2 64.4
Females 37.4 63.9 52.9
(d) Youth unemployment as aproportion of the
          youth population (age 15-24)
 %   Both sexes 4.6 1.3 3.6
Males 4.5 0.7 3
Females 4.7 1.9 4.1
Number of wage and salary 
earners employed 
  Both sexes 15,597 13,195  
Males 9,861 8,104  
Females 5,736 5,091

Source: Labour Force Survey reports,Statistics Department.
For more information see LFS annual report. More Labour Force tables can be viewed in the Key Stats Excel workbook.
Contact person: mail  Statistics Department

Vital Statistics


Total Births, Deaths, Natural Increase* (NI), and Crude Rate of Natural Increase**(CRNI), 2000-2003

IndicatorTongaTongatapuVava'uHa'apai'EuaNiuas
2000   Births2,696,0973939610010
Deaths672442117821714
NI2,0241,6552761483-4
CRNI(%)22.41.70.21.6-0.2
2001   Births2,5462,058321748211
Deaths57941811230163
NI1,9671,75726244668
CRNI(%)22.51.60.51.30.4
2002   Births2,6622,0723991047017
Deaths5914439439141
NI2,0761,633306655616
CRNI(%)2.12.41.90.81.10.8
2003   Births2,7812,20342075767*
Deaths617496911218-
NI2,1641,7073296358-
CRNI(%)2.11.70.30.10.1-

Note** Crude Rate of natural Increase (or Natural Increase Rate) is the difference between the crude birth rate and the crude death rate.  While birth and death rates usually are shown per thousand of the population, the rate of natural increase is usually expressed as a percentage. For example, the rate of natural increase of Tonga for 2003 was 20.5 per thousand is expressed as 2.1% (CRNI=NI / Mid = year population * 100).

* The surplus or excess of births over deaths in a given time period.  Since births normally exceed deaths, natural increase is usually positive.

 (NI = Birth - Death),  - Not available

Source: Statistics Bulletin on Vital Statistics
Contact person: mail Mr Sione Lolohea

Health Statistics

SUMMARY Table on Health Statistics

 

20102009
MalesFemalesTotalMalesFemalesTotal
Life expectancy at birth65697072
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births (under 1yr)21.514.5
Maternal mortality rate (per 100,000)37.1114.4
Total fertility rate3.83.7
Perinatal Morality Rate (per 1,000 live births)12.4 13.5 
Immunization coverage99.5999999999999999.5
% of pregnant women immunized with tetanus toxoid 297.9000000000000197.8
% of deliveries conducted by trained personnel100100
% of population with safe water supply9999.90000000000001
% of household with adequate sanitary facilities9999.7
% of population with access to appropriate health care services100100
with regular supply of essential drugs within one hours walk
% of married couples practicing contraception28.429.8
% of pregnant women attending ante natal care97.798.59999999999999
% of infants attended by trained personnel100100
Medical officers at post4555
Health Officrs at post2122
Nursing and Midwifery at posttbc355

Contact Organization  mailMinistry of Health

Education

The Ministry of Education collates education data from information collected as part of the administration of the education system.  Education levels are divided into Primary, Secondary and Post Secondary. Approximately 90% of primary and 30% of secondary schools are directly funded and controlled by the government.

Although Early Childhood Education (ECE) does not feature in the existing Education Act, the Ministry recognizes its importance, along with primary education, in providing a solid foundation for higher forms of education.  

View tables here with current status of schools in Tonga.

Primary and Secondary School students enrolled and number of Teachers by gender 2010-2012

Education System2,0102,0112,012
Primary EducationMaleFemaleTotalMaleFemaleTotalMaleFemaleTotal
Number of Students
Government7,9187,03314,9517,9357,05014,9857,7446,89614,640
Non-Government9869111,8971,0471,0012,0481,2471,2952,542
Sub - Total8,9047,94416,8488,9828,05117,0338,9918,19117,182
Numbber of Teachers
Government173403576173431604203473676
Non-Government8120101168610223111134
Sub - Total254423677189517706226584810
Pupils/Teacher ratio25:124:121:1
Secondary Education
Number of Students
Government3,0222,2655,2872,9472,2225,1692,8452,2725,117
Non-Government4,4065,0849,4904,6805,0259,7054,7064,9839,689
Sub - Total7,4287,34914,7777,6277,24714,8747,5517,25514,806
Numbber of Teachers
Government130163293135178313117152269
Non-Government340360700330378708360389749
Sub - Total4705239934655561,0214775411,018
Pupils/Teacher ratio15:115:115:1

Early Childhood Education (ECE) Centers, School Roll and Number of Teachers by Major District: 2012

Island ECE CentersPupils' RollTeachersPupils/Teacher
Number %MFTotal%Number % Ratio
Tongatapu42576649071571711056315
Eua9129059149719118
Ha'apai8116171132613810
Vava'u111514314328613251511
Niuas4529346335313
Total741009871214220110016710013

All Government and Mission Primary School Enrolments by Age, and by Level as of September 2012

DISTRICTGOV'TFWCTKKSDABAHAIEQUIPPERSLAFALAFA TOTAL
CENTRAL5,119513404360816,477
EASTERN3,03234174203,260
WESTERN2,1005931312,824
SUB-TOTAL10,2511,106438534131812012,561
EUA854854
HA'APAI96776451,088
NIUAFO'OU8383
NIUATOPUTAPU128128
VAVA'U2,35727842,468
Grand Total14,6401,209567534131812017,182

All Government and Mission Primary Schools Enrolment by Education System, by District, as of September 2012

AGEClass 1Class 2Class 3Class 4Class 5Class 6Inclusive Total
444
59522954
61695981952690
71271653835542624
81831612841122648
922317267392522715
1020417066802591
11523117221958
1214462476
133737
1411
Promotion2778281926792782270229271116698
REPEATERS43861240213484
% of repeaters20.280.2200.44123
GRAND TOTAL2821282726852782271433292417182

All Government and Non-Government Secondary School Enrolment by Age, by Gender and by Level as of September 2012

AGEForm 1Form 2Form 3Form 4Form 5Form 6Form 7Lower 5thTVETGRAND TOTAL
1099
1142717443
121335420411796
136061320424232375
1411569711423996152418
151095621152288102132135
16129611102617835241974
1714588251711611591727
183764463201771220
19121179148169521
2017633926146
21499730
223329
23112
Grand Total2492256322982330277714076382028114806

 Source. Annual Report, Ministry of Education.

Contact organizationmail Ministry of Education

Social Statistics


Key Social Indicators Males Females Total Latest Available
Proportion of pop.15-24 who are able to read and write a simple sentence  98.4 98.8 98.6 Census 2006
ratio of literate females to males, 15-24 year olds     1.1 2002
Estimated life expectancy at birth 67.3 73 70.2 Census 2006
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births (under 1) 22 16 19 Census 2006
Child mortality rates (1-4 years) (per 1000) 4 2 3 Census 2006
Maternal mortality rate (per 100,000)     36.5 MOH, 2007
Total fertility rate   4.2   Census 2006
Percentage of infants attended by trained personnel     100 MOH, 2007
Total population, urban 11860 11,798 23658 Census 2006
Total population, rural 39912 38421 78333 Census 2006
Median Age 20.1 21.8 21 Census 2006
Sex ratio     102 Census 2006
Population density (number of people/km2)     157 Census 2006
Net migration rate (1996-2006) -9000 -9000 -18000 Census 2006
Crude Birth Rate (CBR)     29 Census 2006
Crude Death Rate (CDR)     7 Census 2006
Rate of natural increase     2.2 Census 2006
Labour Force Participation Rate 56.6 64.2 49 Census 2006
Women senior level officials in government     481 2003
Number of crimes reported     2,932 TPF&FS 2005
Access to safe sustainable access to improved 
drinking water (% population) 
    97 MOH 2005